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Nonprofit Corporation Acts by State

The Model Nonprofit Corporation Act (MNPCA) was approved by the Business Law Section of the American Bar Association in 1964 and has since been revised three times, most recently with the fourth edition, which was approved in 2021 and published in 2022. 37 out of the 50 states have adopted a version of the MNPCA. The Revised Model Act (RMNPCA) has been adopted, in whole or in part, in Arkansas, Indiana, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Washington, and Wyoming. Other states have not explicitly adopted either version of the model act but may borrow provisions from the model legislation.

Another source of law governing nonprofit entities appears in the form of the Uniform Unincorporated Nonprofit Association Act (UUNAA), which was approved by the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws in 1996. The UUNAA governs all unincorporated nonprofit associations that are formed or operate in a state that adopts the act. Alabama, Colorado, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, Indiana, Louisiana, North Carolina, Ohio, Texas, West Virginia, and Wyoming, have enacted a prior version of the UUNAA while Arkansas, Iowa, Kentucky, Nevada, Pennsylvania, and Washington D.C. have enacted the Revised UUNAA.

As far as the states that have not adopted the MNCA or the UUNAA, they follow for-profit business law for the state for Unincorporated Nonprofit Associations.

State Incorporated Unincorporated Name Suffixes by State
Alabama 1952 Model Nonprofit Corporation Act “MNPCA” Uniform Unincorporated Nonprofit Association Act under Ala. Code § 10A-17-1.01 et seq. There are no mandatory requirements.
Alaska 1988 Revised Model Nonprofit Corporation Act “RMNPCA” No relevant statute found There are no mandatory requirements.
Arizona 1988 RMNPCA Nonprofit unincorporated associations are treated as 'entities' under Ariz. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 10-3140 There are no mandatory requirements.
Arkansas 1988 RMNPCA Nonprofit unincorporated associations are treated as 'entities' under Ark. Code Ann. § 4-33-140 There are no mandatory requirements.
California State-specific nonprofit corporations act, with separate provisions for public benefit, mutual benefit & religious corporations; model for 1988 RMNPCA Nonprofit Associations. Cal. Corp. Code §§ 18605-18640 There are no mandatory requirements.
Colorado 1988 RMNPCA Uniform Unincorporated Nonprofit Association Act under CO Code § 7-30 There are no mandatory requirements.
Connecticut 1988 RMNPCA No relevant statute found Using Corporation, Corp., Corp, Incorporated, Inc., Inc, Company, Co., Co, Limited, Ltd., Ltd, Association*, Church*, or Foundation* is mandatory.
District of Columbia (Washington DC) 2008 MNPCA 3rd Edition Revised Uniform Unincorporated Nonprofit Association Act of 2010, D.C. Code § 29-1101. There are no mandatory requirements.
Delaware State-specific general corporation act, limited non-stock provisions Uniform Unincorporated Nonprofit Association Act under Del. Code Ann. Tit. 6, §§ 1901-1916. Required to use Corporation, Company, Syndicate, Limited, Foundation, Association, Fund, Club, Society, or Institute.
Florida 1990 Not-for-Profit Corporation Act based on 1989 Fla. Business Corporation Act, based on 1984 Revised Model Bus. Corp. Law, parallel to 1988 RMNPCA No relevant statute found Options include Corporation, Corp., Corp, Incorporated, Inc., Inc, Company, Co., Co, Limited, Ltd., Ltd, Association*, Church*, or Foundation* is required. The name may also include the word “Cooperative” or “Co-op” if the final name does not create confusion with existing entities.
Georgia 1988 RMNPCA Unincorporated associations are treated as 'entities' under Ga. Code Ann. § 14-3-101. Using Corporation, Corp., Corp, Incorporated, Inc., Inc, Company, Co., Co, Limited, Ltd., Ltd, Association*, Church*, or Foundation* is mandatory in Georgia. The entire name, including spaces and characters, should not surpass 80 characters.
Hawaii 1988 RMNPCA Uniform Unincorporated Nonprofit Association Act under § 429 There are no mandatory requirements.
Idaho 1988 RMNPCA Uniform Unincorporated Nonprofit Association Act under Idaho Code Title 30, Chapter 27. UsingCorporation, Corp., Corp, Incorporated, Inc., Inc, Company, Co., Co, Limited, Ltd., Ltd, Association*, Church*, or Foundation* is mandatory in Idaho.
Illinois 1986 Not-for-Profit Corporation Act, based on 1983 Ill. Bus. Corp. Law, based on draft of 1984 Revised Model Bus. Corp. Law, parallel to 1988 RMNPCA Illinois has no statutes governing unincorporated associations, however they are judicially recognized. See Perkaus v. Chicago Catholic High School Athletic League, 140 Ill.App.3d 127 (1986). Using Corporation, Corp., Corp, Incorporated, Inc., Inc, Company, Co., Co, Limited, Ltd., Ltd, Association*, Church*, or Foundation* in Illinois. Also, the name must end with the term “NFP” if there is anything in the name to imply it may not be a nonprofit business.
Indiana 1988 RMNPCA Unincorporated associations are defined as 'entities' under Ind. Code Ann. § 23-17-2-12 Using Corporation, Corp., Corp, Incorporated, Inc., Inc, Company, Co., Co, Limited, Ltd., Ltd, Association*, Church*, or Foundation* is mandatory in Indiana.
Iowa 1988 RMNPCA; updated with key provisions of the 2008 Model Nonprofit Corporation Act (3d ed.) “MNPCA3d” Revised Uniform Unincorporated Nonprofit Association Act. IA ST T. XII, Subt. 3, Ch. 501B. There are no mandatory requirements.
Kansas General incorporation act, follows Delaware, limited non-stock provisions No relevant statute found Required to use Association, Church, Union, Foundation, Syndicate, Company, Corporation, Incorporated, Limited, Club, Society, Fund, College, University, or Institute.
Kentucky 1952 MNPCA Effective as of June 24, 2015, Kentucky adopted the Revised Uniform Unincorporated Nonprofit Association Act, Ky Rev. Stat. Ann. § 273A. Unincorporated associations are treated as 'entities' under Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 273.161(13). Using Corporation, Corp., Corp, Incorporated, Inc., Inc, Company, Co., Co, Limited, Ltd., Ltd, Association*, Church*, or Foundation* is mandatory.
Louisiana 1968 state-specific Nonprofit Corporation Act, based on 1968 La. Business Corporation Law Uniform Unincorporated Nonprofit Association Act under Louisiana Rev. Stat. § 12:501 There are no mandatory requirements.
Maine 1988 RMNPCA No relevant statute found There are no mandatory requirements.
Maryland State-specific general corp. act, w/ short insert of provisions from 1952 MNPCA Unincorporated organizations may not hold themselves out as incorporated. Md. Code Ann. Corps. & Ass'ns. § 1-404. Maryland requires the word “Company” if the word “and” or its symbol does not immediately precede it. Otherwise, the word “Corporation,” “Limited” or “Incorporated” becomes mandatory.
Massachusetts 1971 state-specific act for “corporations for charitable and certain other purposes” w/ some provisions adopted by reference from former state business corporation act No relevant statute found Massachusetts requires the use of the term Corporation, Corp., Corp, Incorporated, Inc., Inc, Company, Co., Co, Limited, Ltd., Ltd, Association*, Church*, or Foundation*. Exceptions are made for religious societies.
Michigan 1982 state-specific nonprofit corporation act, based on 1972 Michigan Business Corporation Act Nonprofit Unincorporated Associations are governed by the Consumer Cooperative Act, Mich. Comp. Laws Ann. § 450.3100 et seq. There are no mandatory requirements.
Minnesota 1988 RMNPCA No relevant statute found There are no mandatory requirements.
Mississippi 1988 RMNPCA Unincorporated associations are treated as 'entities' under Miss. Code Ann. § 79-11-127. There are no mandatory requirements.
Missouri 1988 RMNPCA Unincorporated associations are defined as 'entities' under Mo. Ann. Stat. § 355.066. There are no mandatory requirements.
Montana 1988 RMNPCA Unincorporated associations are defined as 'entities' under Mont. Code Ann. § 35-2-114(16). There are no mandatory requirements.
Nebraska 1988 RMNPCA Unincorporated associations are treated as 'entities' under Neb. Rev. Stat. § 21-1914 There are no mandatory requirements.
Nevada 1991 state-specific nonprofit corporation act, based on 1991 “private corporation” act Revised UUNAA under Nev. Title 7, Chapter 81, § 81.700 et seq., the Unincorporated Nonprofit Associations (Uniform Act) governs unincorporated nonprofit institutions. In Nevada, if a business has a name that sounds like that of a natural person, it must include Corporation, Corp., Corp, Incorporated, Inc., Inc, Company, Co., Co, Limited, Ltd., Ltd, Association*, Church*, or Foundation* or any word that makes it clear the business is not a natural person.
New Hampshire State-specific “voluntary corporations” act, parts date to 1846 Unincorporated societies or lodges of fraternal organizations shall be corporations so far as may be necessary to take, hold, manage and use any gift or grant made to them as such and any gifts or grants heretofore made. N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 292:12. If a donation, grant or gift be made to any unincorporated association, society, foundation or similar organization, it shall be a corporation so far as may be necessary to take, hold, manage, use and convey any such donation, gift or grant made to it. N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 292:14. There are no mandatory requirements.
New Jersey 1952 MNPCA No state-specific rule. According to the Nonprofit Law Revision Committee's notes attached to the statute, The New Jersey Nonprofit Corporation Act does not apply to unincorporated associations. Nonprofits must include Corporation, Corp., Corp, Incorporated, Inc., Inc, Company, Co., Co, Limited, Ltd., Ltd, Association*, Church*, or Foundation*. Exceptions are made for nonprofits that are eligible for organization under Title 16 of the Revised Statutes and its provisions (Incorporation of religious societies or congregations).
New Mexico 1952 MNPCA N.M. Stat. Ann. Chapter 53, Title 10 (but not specific to nonprofit corporations). There are no mandatory requirements.
New York 1969 state-specific Not-for-Profit Corporation Law, based on 1961 N.Y. Business Corporation Law No specific statute governing nonprofit unincorporated associations, however unincorporated associations are recognized generally. "An unincorporated association is an organization composed of a body of persons united without a charter for the prosecution of some common enterprise. It is not a legal entity separate from the persons who compose it." Meinhart v. Contresta, 194 N.Y.S. 593, 594 (Sup. Ct. 1922). Corporation, Corp., Corp, Incorporated, Inc., Inc, Company, Co., Co, Limited, Ltd., Ltd, Association*, Church*, or Foundation* is required. Organizations formed for religious or charitable purposes are exempt.
North Carolina 1988 RMNPCA Uniform Unincorporated Nonprofit Association Act under t. N.C. Gen. Stat. Ann. Chapter 59B. North Carolina requires entities to use “Company,” “Incorporated,” “Corporation,” “Limited” or an appropriate abbreviation.
North Dakota 1952 MNPCA No relevant statute found There are no mandatory requirements.
Ohio 1952 MNPCA, loosely Revised Uniform Unincorporated Nonprofit Association Act, Title XVII, Ch. 1745. Unincorporated associations are defined as 'entities' under Ohio Rev. Code Ann. § 1702.01. There are no mandatory requirements.
Oklahoma State-specific general corp. act, 1986, follows Delaware, limited nonprofit provisions Unincorporated associations defined as "business entities" under Okla. Stat. Ann. Tit. 18 § 1090.4. Required to use Association, Union, Foundation, Syndicate, Company, Corporation, Incorporated, Limited, Club, Society, Institute, or Fund.
Oregon 1988 RMNPCA Unincorporated associations are defined as 'entities' under Or. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 65.001(18). There are no mandatory requirements.
Pennsylvania 1988 state-specific Nonprofit Corporation Law, based on 1988 Pa. Business Corporation Law Revised UUNAA under 15 Pa. C.S.A. § 9101 et seq. There are no mandatory requirements.
Rhode Island 1952 MNPCA w/ some additions R.I. Gen. Laws Ann. § 7-6-3 sets forth the entities to which the Nonprofit Corporations Act applies There are no mandatory requirements.
South Carolina 1988 RMNPCA Unincorporated associations are treated as 'entities' under S.C. Code Ann. § 33-31-140. There are no mandatory requirements.
South Dakota 1952 MNPCA Unincorporated associations are treated as 'entities' under S.D. Codified Laws 47 - 1A – 140 There are no mandatory requirements.
Tennessee 1988 RMNPCA Unincorporated associations are treated as 'entities' under Tenn. Code Ann. § 48-511-201(16). There are no mandatory requirements.
Texas 1952 MNPCA; reorganized effective 2010, but most substantive provisions unchanged Uniform Unincorporated Nonprofit Association Act under Tex. Bus. Org. Code Ann. Ch. 252. There are no mandatory requirements.
Utah 1988 RMNPCA Unincorporated associations are treated as 'entities' under Utah Code § 16-6a-102. There are no mandatory requirements.
Vermont 1988 RMNPCA Unincorporated associations are treated as 'entities' under Vt. Stat. Ann. tit. 11B, § 1.40. Corporation, Corp., Corp, Incorporated, Inc., Inc, Company, Co., Co, Limited, Ltd., Ltd, Association*, Church*, or Foundation* is mandatory in Vermont.
Virginia 1952 MNPCA Unincorporated associations are treated as 'entities' under Va. Code Ann. 13.1-803 There are no mandatory requirements.
Washington 1952 MNPCA No relevant statute found There are no mandatory requirements.
West Virginia 1988 RMNPCA Uniform Unincorporated Nonprofit Association Act under §36-11 In West Virginia, the use of Corporation, Corp., Corp, Incorporated, Inc., Inc, Company, Co., Co, Limited, Ltd., Ltd, Association*, Church*, or Foundation* is mandatory.
Wisconsin 1952 MNPCA Uniform Unincorporated Nonprofit Association Act under 1997 Wis. Act. 140, Wis. Stat. section 184.01(2) Using Corporation, Corp., Corp, Incorporated, Inc., Inc, Company, Co., Co, Limited, Ltd., Ltd, Association*, Church*, or Foundation* is mandatory in Wisconsin.
Wyoming 1988 RMNPCA Uniform Unincorporated Nonprofit Association Act under Wyo. Stat. § 17-22-102 There are no mandatory requirements.
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